EU Directive 2010/40
The use of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) and the networking of all modes of transport should make road transport fit for the future in terms of safety, efficiency and the environment.
The European Parliament's Directive 2010/40/EU covers four priority areas:
- the optimal use of roads, traffic and travel data
- continuity of ITS services in the areas of transport and freight management
- ITS applications for road safety and
- the link between vehicle and transport infrastructure
- Delegated Regulation (EU) N° 305/2013: Harmonised provision for an interoperable EU-wide eCall
- Delegated Regulation (EU) N° 885/2013: Information services for safe and secure parking places for trucks and commercial vehicles
- Delegated Regulation (EU) N° 886/2013: Provision of road safety-related minimum universal traffic information free of charge to users
- Delegated Regulation (EU) N° 926/2015: Provision of EU-wide real-time traffic information services
- Delegated Regulation (EU) N° 1926/2017: Provision of EU-wide multimodal travel information services
National Access Point
In order to move towards a Common European Transport Area all transports elements need to be interlinked. The prerequisites for a common digital architecture are open and common standards and interfaces, as well as an efficient and secure data ecosystem. Within the regulation 1926/2017 the commission requests each member state to setup a National Access Point for sharing traffic data. The National Access Points can be a database, data warehouse, data marketplace, repository, register or web portal.
The following data must be made available at the National Access Points:
|This Regulation contains the following information: Name, address, coordinates of the truck parking, total number of parking spaces, security and service facilities, contact details of the operator.||
Any European institution or company that has security-related data is obliged to share that data. This would include, for example, data for warnings regarding unsecured accident sites, false drivers, animals/people/obstacles on the roadway, limited visibility or unsignposted road blockages.
Static street and traffic data
E.g. number of lanes, road geometry, traffic signs including speed limits, traffic plans.
Dynamic road status data
For example, road, paint strip and bridge closures, overtaking bans, construction sites, accidents and disturbances, temporary traffic management measures
In order to shift transport to sustainable modes of transport through improved and reliable travel information services, each Member State is encouraged to share the following traffic data: Public transport, air transport, long-distance transport, long-distance bus transport, Short haul rail and bus transport, maritime transport including ferries, needs-based transport for commuters, taxi, car sharing, carpooling, car hire, bike sharing and private transport by car, motorcycle and bicycle.
The following table illustrates the time frame for the upcoming fulfillment of requirements.
The future will require the implementation of a stringent quality assessment of data.